In Cambodia, the agricultural sector is an important part of economic development, which has existed since ancient times, with the evolution from one era to another, we have also developed agriculture into an agro-industry to suit the needs of today's people.
What is agro-industry?
Agro-industry is a type of agriculture that is generally large-scale and is a type of agriculture that uses modern machinery, using chemical fertilizers, and pesticides to get high yields from any crop. Usually, one company grows one crop or a few different crops, but in large quantities. In developed countries, most products such as meat, vegetables, fruits, milk, and eggs are produced using industrial farming methods. Other types of ELCs (Economic Land Concessions) that the government gives to companies in Cambodia, for example, include:
- Maak and Acacia
- Coconut and papaya oil
- Pig Breeding Center
What is an agro-industrial major?
Agro-industry is an essential sector for all countries as it relies on the processing of existing agricultural products in their own countries. It is a well-trained skill that allows us to understand the processing of agricultural products into finished or semi-finished products, with our focus on food processing, food quality maintenance, nutrition studies, and product marketing.
Basic knowledge for studying this skill
Biology and Chemistry
Bachelor’s degree in this field
4 years equals 147 credits
Knowledge gained by students after graduation
- Understand the basics of agricultural processing, technology, and food science
- Understand post-harvest technology and biotechnology
- Understand food safety management and gain knowledge of English.
Units or bases that can go to work
- State institutions
- Food manufacturers
- Food Quality Analysis Laboratory.
Careers for agro-industrial professionals
- Agricultural Consultant
- Animal nutrition expert
- Agricultural Manager
- Fisheries Officer
- Soil and Plant Scientists
- Conservation Planner
- Agricultural Engineer
- Agricultural Economist.
Benefits of agro-industry
- People have local jobs
- Reduce imports of agro-industrial products
- Processing agricultural products into industrial products for export to international markets
- Develop skills in processing agricultural products
- Economic growth in this sector, etc.
Agro-industry in Cambodia
According to the publication of Rumduol Post in 2020, according to the letter of the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries to the preliminary report on the progress of production of six important agro-industrial crops in 2020, including crops Cassava, cashew, mango, yellow banana, Pailin longan, and pepper.
In addition, to promote agricultural production, three provinces, including Battambang, Kampong Speu, and Kampong Thom, were selected for the establishment of industrial zones